In the years gone by, Hepatitis Virus has become a serious concern. Viral Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver caused due to a virus, toxic substances or other infections, and it is one of the leading causes of death globally, accounting for 1.34 million deaths per year.
According to WHO, India is one of the 11 countries which carry almost 50% of the global burden of chronic hepatitis. India has intermediate level of endemicity of hepatitis, with 2-3% of its population affected by the disease. Year by year, this number will keep rising, if left unchecked. So this World Hepatitis Day, let’s know more about this disease and take necessary precautions to prevent it.
Hepatitis is classified into five different categories, based on the viruses, namely – A, B, C, D, and E.
Hepatitis A & E
Caused by Hepatitis A (HAV) virus and Hepatitis E (HEV) viruses respectively, this spreads through the consumption of contaminated food and water.
Hepatitis B & C
Hepatitis B is caused by the HBV virus and is transmitted through infected blood or body fluids.
Hepatitis D (HDV) infections occur only in those people who are infected with HBV. The combination of both these viruses is extremely dangerous and has the worst outcomes.
As Hepatitis A & E are contagious viruses, this infection spreads easily in the monsoon season.The most serious complication of HPV is liver failure which may result into death. People suffering from Hepatitis A & E require treatment in a hospital and sometimes it results in dehydration and bleeding.
The symptoms for this disease does not occur until you are affected by the virus for a few weeks. The major symptoms of Hepatitis A is as follows: (Can be in a creative)
- Nausea and vomiting
- Abdominal pain or discomfort
- Loss of appetite
- Low-grade fever
- Joint pain
- Yellowing of the skin and eyes (Jaundice)
How to protect yourself from Hepatitis A?
- Vaccination is the best way to prevent Hepatitis A.
- Wash your hands thoroughly before eating food and after using the restroom.
- Drink only purified or boiled water
- Avoid roadside eateries
Hepatitis A is spread by the consumption of contaminated water. This health risk can be avoided by drinking pure, safe and healthy water with Dr. Aquaguard water purifiers. Bring home a water purifier, and protect your loved ones from the threat of Hepatitis. Book a home demo.