Out of the three hundred million asthmatic patients in the world, ten percent are found in India. Asthma, a chronic respiratory disease, is creeping through the lungs of our country and there is very little that is done about it. The reason behind this horrific statistic is the lack of awareness regarding this respiratory concern.
What is Asthma?
Asthma, an allergic disorder, is characterized by the inflammation of the lungs’ airways. The primary cause of asthma is the exposure to irritants that trigger allergies. These triggers can vary from person to person. The most common example of these allergens is smoke, pollen, dust mites, pet dander, and disinfectants. The other causes of Asthma include frequent respiratory infections, certain medications (beta blockers, aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, etc.) cold air, strong emotions or stress.
Know the symptoms
The signs and symptoms of asthma are shortness of breath, wheezing, a cough lasting more than a week, chronic cough, etc. However, having these symptoms doesn’t necessarily mean that one is suffering from asthma. Although, if you observe such symptoms in you or your loved ones, it is advised to visit a doctor. You can also take the ‘Lung Fitness Test’ to evaluate the health of your lungs
Asthma in children
Asthma is increasingly prevalent among children. It is advisable to look for the basic symptoms in kids to prevent further complications. The signs of asthma in children are coughing spells at playtime, night, while laughing, fatigue, rapid or shallow breathing, chest pain, and wheezing. If parents notice any of the above symptoms, it is advised to consult a doctor.
How can you control the occurrence of Asthma in people?
Here are a few steps to follow in your Asthma Action Plan –
1. Know your asthma triggers and avoid them smartly.
2. Do not push your body to adapt itself to extreme weather conditions.
3. If you already suffer from asthma, take your medications well and always remember to carry an inhaler.
4. You also need to stay fit by exercising well. However, people suffering from asthma need to choose their workouts carefully, to avoid exercise induced asthma attacks. It is important to consult your doctor and build tolerance for exercise slowly.
5. Take care of the environment indoors. Ensure your home is well ventilated and clean the interiors of your home thoroughly to get rid of hidden allergens and dust.
6. Keep your bedrooms dust-free, as far as possible.
7. Avoid having a carpet, as it holds a lot of dustmites and dust which are harmful to asthma patients.
8. Adopt vacuum cleaning in your cleaning routine. Vacuum cleaners efficiently clean the room of hidden dust mites which are not visible to the naked eye. Use this to clean cushions, curtains and other upholstery.
9. Bring home an air purifier to protect yourself from indoor air allergens. An air purifier assists in effectively removing allergens, bacteria & viruses, smoke, and other contaminants present in the air. Thus, helps you breathe better.
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So, this Asthma day take an extra step towards better air, breathing better and living better!
Note: This article is intended to be used as a guide only and is not an authoritative statement/medical advice. Please consult your doctor for medical opinion or advice.