Water, the driving force of all nature, is getting contaminated by the day. The role of water purification was to remove bacteria and viruses from drinking water. But over the years, water contamination from various sources, like sewage, chemical waste, heavy metals, etc has made the water unfit for consumption. In certain areas, the water is polluted by Lead and arsenic making it toxic to health. What’s worse, new age contaminants like Lead, Iron or Arsenic cannot be removed from the water by boiling. Hence’ the need for advanced water purifiers which are equipped with purification technologies like Reverse Osmosis (RO) or UV for water purification needs.
Recently, a survey found the presence of microplastic in the tap water of countries across the world. What’s alarming is that India has ranked third in the list of contamination rate.
Let’s help you understand the problem of microplastics and its impact on health, and possible solutions for the same.
What is Microplastic?
Microplastics are small plastic particles present in the environment. They are present in many sources, including carry bags and pet bottles. While there is some contention over their size, the US National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration distinguishes them as less than 5mm (5000 micron) in diameter. Based on GESAMP 2015, there are four types of plastic found in the environment. They are:
They are present in different parts of the environment in different sizes, which may or may not be seen with the naked eye.
How does microplastic find its way to drinking water?
We are aware of the fact that the global environment is highly affected due to the presence of plastic in the ecosystem. Everyday, millions of plastic fibres are shed through different sources. As 60% of our fabrics are made of polyester, a type of plastic that is obtained from fossil fuel, simple activities like abrasion of clothes, upholstery, carpets or any other fibrous fabrics add to the junk of microplastics in the environment. Apart from this, another type of plastic called as Styrene Butadiene is released from the tyres of the vehicles. This plastic finds its way into sewers and other water bodies. A recent study also found that every cycle of a washing machine releases 700,000 fibres into the environment. All of this results in an unfortunate meeting of the sources of water bodies and microplastic fibres. They make their way through the complex pipe system and into our homes through taps or drinking water.
How does microplastic affect the human body?
Due to its small size, it is capable of travelling through intestinal walls, lymph nodes and other vital organs. They also absorb toxic chemicals that are linked to fatal diseases such as cancer. Due to its large presence in the ocean, researchers also suspect that people consume these microplastic particles through seafood. If these particles are inhaled or ingested, they may cause localised toxicity in your body.
What is the solution?
The primary solution for this world-wide issue is to take an active role in proper waste management. That being said, it is also true that this process is a long battle that will definitely require a lot of years. However, you can take the first step to ensure your drinking water is free from microplastics at home. You can start by making a conscious decision to avoid the purchase of plastic bottles, carry bags, and straws.
How can you eliminate microplastics from your drinking water?
One of the ways to eliminate the presence of microplastic fibres from your drinking water is by investing in a water purifier that is equipped with an advanced purification technology. An average microplastic size ranges from 0.1 cm to 1 μm and advanced technologies like pre-filter porosity, Ultra-Filter membranes and RO membranes can readily filter out these microns and provide you with healthy and safe drinking water. Dr. Aquaguard water purifiers are equipped with Microfiltration, Ultra Filtration & Reverse Osmosis purification technology that is capable of filtering microplastic that range from 0.1 cm (1000 μm) to 1 μm.
The presence of plastic is a global concern and, in the years to come, we hope that solutions can be found to combat it. However, you can take the first step towards safeguarding you and your family from the adverse effects of microplastics by bringing home an advanced water purifier. Dr. Aquaguard Magna HD RO + UV eliminates excess TDS, blocks dissolved impurities and chemical contaminants, while retaining essential minerals in the drinking water, giving you healthy and pure drinking water. Book a demo today.